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ISTILAH KEJAHATAN BERDAULAT

ISTILAH KEJAHATAN BERDAULAT

 

 Dalam  The Lexicon Webster Dictionary, Volume II (1977) SOVEREIGN antara lain berarti:

  1. Free of outside influence or control (bebas dari pengaruh atau kendali);
  2. Producing or capable of producing the greatest effect (Menghasilkan pengaruh atau menimbulkan dampak yang besar);

Kejahatan berdaulat berorientasi pada situasi budaya yang memungkinkan kejahatan menjadi salah satu faktor determinan, yaitu kondisi yang disebut budaya dalam transisi  (culture in transition). Istilah “culture in transition” telah digunakan oleh Mark Findlay untuk menjelaskan relasi kejahatan dengan globalisasi. Sedangkan Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara, menjadikan “budaya Transisi” sebagai bagian yang tak terpisahkan dari pendekatan kejahatan berdaulat untuk menjelaskan perangkap penyimpangan dan kejahatan di masyarakat. Perbedaan antara  Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara dengan Mark Findlay  adalah pada sebab – sebab timbulnya budaya dalam transisi. Terhadap masalah ini, Mark Findlay sama sekali tidak menyinggung adanya tekanan penyimpangan dan kejahatan (pressure of deviant and crime), sementara itu bagi Tb. Ronny Rahman Nitibaskara hal itu menjadi sorotan yang utama. Hal ini kebalikan dengan umumnya pendekatan social – budaya yang berasumsi bahwa munculnya kejahatan akibat adanya tekanan sosial (social pressure).

Created and Posted By:
Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk, SH., MH.
Lecturer, Advocate and Legal Consultant
Handphone: 0818964919, 085959597919, 081213502002

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA). youtube.com/c/BeritaHukumKebijakanPublik

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