Secara konstitusional, negara Indonesia menganut sistem pemerintahan Kuasi Presidensiil. Namun dalam kurun waktu pertama berlakunya Undang – Undang Dasar 1945 (cq. tanggal 18 Agustus 1945 sampai dengan 27 Desember 1949) tercatat bahwa dalam hal sistem pemerintahan negara telah terjadi perubahan didalam praktek dari Kuasi Presidensiil menjadi parlementer. Perubahan dalam praktek ini adalah tanpa melakukan perubahan terhadap Undang – Undang Dasarnya, sehingga terjadi perbedaan antara landasan konstitusional dengan praktek pelaksanaannya.

Kabinet pertama dengan sistem Kuasi Presidensiil sesuai dengan ketentuan Undang – Undang Dasar 1945 dibentuk pada tanggal 2 September 1945. Tapi baru dua bulan kabinet itu terbentuk terjadilah perubahan sistem ketatanegaraan dalam praktek (tanpa mengubah Undang – Undang Dasarnya), terutama mengenai Pasal IV Aturan Peralihan Undang – Undang Dasar 1945. Perubahan sistem ketatanegaraan ini terjadi dengan dikeluarkannya Maklumat Wakil Presiden Nomor X Tahun 1945. Inti Maklumat tersebut adalah penyerahan kekuasaan Legeslatif kepada Komite Nasional Pusat sebelum DPR dan MPR dibentuk berdasarkan Undang – Undang Dasar yang berlaku. Maklumat tersebut juga berisi pembentukan satu Badan Pekerja dari Komite Nasional Pusat. Maklumat tersebut dikeluarkan atas usul BPKNP 11 November 1945 yang disusul dengan keluarnya Maklumat Pemerintah tanggal 14 November 19945, yang berisi perubahan sistem kabinet dari sistem Kuasi Presidensiil ke sistem Parlementer, yakni sistem ppertanggungjawaban pemerintahan negara yang terlettak di tangan Dewan Menteri yang dipimpin oleh seorang Perdana Menteri (Prime Minister). Perlu ditegaskan lagi bahwa perubahan sistem ketatanegaraan tersebut adalah tidak dengan melakukan perubahan terhadap Undang – Undang Dasarnya. Juga perlu diketahui bahwa sebelum keluarnya Maklumat Pemerintah tentang sistem kabinet tanggal 14 November tersebut   telah keluar pula Maklumat Pemerintah pada tanggal   3 November 1945 tentang partai – partai politik dan organisasi politik yang pada pokoknya menganjurkan didirikannya partai – partai dan organisasi politik sesuai dengan aliran – aliran yang hidup di dalam masyarakat. Hal ini dimaksudkan guna menjunjung tinggi asas demokrasi serta untuk memudahkan dalam mengatur kekuatan perjuangan bangsa Indonesia waktu itu.

Pada bulan November 1945 walaupun secara resmi Undang – Undang Dasar 1945 telah mengatur tentang sistem pemerintahan negara namun terjadi perubahan di dalam praktek, yakni:

  1. Komite Nasional Pusat diserahi kekuasaan legislatif dan ikut menentukan Garis – Garis Besar Haluan Negara (GBHN) padahal kekuasaan itu menurut Pasal IV Aturan Peralihan Undang – Undang Dasar 1945 dipegang oleh Presiden dengan bantuan Komite Nasional Pusat;
  1. Perubahan sistem kabinet dari Kuasi Presidensiil menjadi sistem Parlementer, artinya kekuasaan eksekutif tidak lagi dilakukan oleh Presiden melainkan oleh Dewan Menteri yang harus bertanggung jawab kepada Parlemen.
Writer and Copy Right:
Dr. (Cand.) Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk, SH., MH.
Lecturer, Advocate and Legal Consultant
Handphone: 0818964919, 085959597919, 081213502002


About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA).


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


  1. ISM Phototake 3) Watney Ninth Phototake, Canada online drugstore Phototake, Biophoto Siblings Adjunct Therapy, Inc, Under Rheumatoid Lupus LLC 4) Bennett Hundred Che = ‘community home with education on the premises’ Situations, Inc 5) Temporary Atrial Activation LLC 6) Stockbyte 7) Bubonic Resection Rate LLC 8) Patience With and May Fall as regards WebMD 9) Gallop WebbWebMD 10) Velocity Resorption It LLC 11) Katie Judge and May Make after WebMD 12) Phototake 13) MedioimagesPhotodisc 14) Sequestrum 15) Dr. viagra canada viagra generic name

  2. I like what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the awesome works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll.
    2CSYEon cheap flights

  3. Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for
    this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve
    had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for
    another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the
    direction of a good platform.

  4. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend
    your website, how can i subscribe for a blog web site?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  5. Everything is very open with a very clear clarification of the challenges.
    It was truly informative. Your website is very helpful. Thanks
    for sharing!

  6. Great items from you, man. I’ve take note your stuff prior to and you
    are simply extremely wonderful. I really like what you’ve
    got here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which during which you
    say it. You’re making it entertaining and you continue to
    care for to keep it wise. I cant wait to learn far more from you.

    This is really a terrific website.

  7. Pingback: cheapest viagra
  8. Pingback: buy viagra on line
  9. Pingback: levitra
  10. I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.

  11. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  12. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  13. Pingback: buy generic viagra
  14. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I came across this board and I find It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to present something back and aid others like you helped me.

  15. Does your internet site accept a physical contact Page? I’m having distract fix it
    but, I’d wish to send out you an netmail. I’ve got some suggestions
    for your web log you might be concerned in auditory sense. Either way, great website and I seem frontward to visual perception it amplify concluded clip.

  16. Pingback: viagra prices
  17. Just wish to say your article is as surprising. The clarity
    in your post is just spectacular and i can assume you’re an expert on this
    subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  18. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  19. Pingback: Cialis 40 mg uk
  20. Pingback: canadian viagra
  21. Pingback: Cialis 10mg usa
  22. Pingback: viagra coupons
  23. Pingback: Cialis 60mg online
  24. Pingback: tadalafil
  25. I absolutely love your site.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you develop this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own personal blog and want to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Cheers!

  26. Its like you learn my mind! You seem to know so much approximately this, such as you wrote the e book in it or something. I think that you just could do with some % to force the message home a bit, but instead of that, that is fantastic blog. A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

  27. Pingback: lasix 40mg cost
  28. Pingback: viagra cost
  29. Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  30. You have made some good points there. I checked on the net for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.

  31. Pingback: cialis generic
  32. I am not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info for my mission.

News Feed