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HUBUNGAN NEGARA DENGAN AGAMA

HUBUNGAN NEGARA DENGAN AGAMA

 

Negara (state) pada hakekatnya   suatu organisasi dari persekutuan hidup bersama (living together) yang merupakan  manifestasi  sifat kodrat (sifat alamiah) manusia sebagai makhluk individu dan makhluk sosial. Sehingga dapat dikatakan bahwa  sifat dasar kodrat manusia (human nature)   merupakan sifat dasar negara, dan dengan demikian  negara merupakan  manifestasi kodrat manusia secara horizontal yaitu  hubungan antara manusia dengan manusia lain untuk mencapai tujuan bersama (common goals). Pada prinsipnya  negara memiliki hubungan sebab akibat langsung (yang  bersifat kausalitas) dengan manusia karena manusia adalah sebagai pendiri negara untuk mencapai tuujuan – tujuan manusia yang telah ditetapkan bersama untuk dicapai.

Manusia sebagai warga negara hidup bersama dalam suatu daerah teritorial, berkedudukan kodrat sebagai makhluk pribadi dan sebagai makhluk Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Dalam kapasitasnya sebagai makhluk pribadi  maka manusia  dikaruniakan kebebasan atas segala sesuatu kehendak kemanusiaannya. karunia tersebut  merupakan suatu kebebasan asasi yang menjadi prinsip – prinsip fundamental dari konsepsi Hak Asasi Manusia (Human Rights). Sedangkan dalam kedudukannya ebagai makhluk Tuhan Yang Maha Esa maka manusia  memiliki hak dan kewajiban untuk memenuhi harkat kemanusiaannya yaitu beribadah, menyembah dan patuh kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Manifestasi hubungan manusia dengan Tuhan (The Creator)  terwujud/teraplikasi  dalam agama (religion). Pembatasan pengertian secara tegas dapat dikatakan bahwa “NEGARA”  merupakan produk manusia sehingga merupakan hasil budaya manusia, sedangkan “AGAMA”  bersumber pada wahyu/firman/sabda  Tuhan yang sifatnya mutlak (absolut). Dogma dalam hidup keagamaan yaitu manusia memiliki hak – hak dan kewajiban yang didasarkan atas keimanan dan ketaqwaannya terhadap Tuhan selaku “PENCIPTA” manusia dan alam semesta, sedangkan dalam otoritas hegemoni negara maka manusia memiliki hak – hak dan kewajiban horisontal dalam hubungannya dengan sesama manusia dan terhadap Pemerintah (government) sebagai representasi dan pengendali negara. Berdasarkan pengertian kodrat manusia sebagai makhluk pribadi dan makhluk sosial, maka terdapat berbagai macam konsep tentang hubungan negara dengan agama, dan hal ini sangat ditentukan oleh dasar ontologis manusia (dalam konteks keberadaan atau eksistensi manusia secara konkrit).

 

Writer and Copy Right:
Dr. (Cand.) Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk, SH., MH.
Lecturer, Advocate and Legal Consultant
Handphone: 0818964919, 085959597919, 081213502002

 

 

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA). youtube.com/c/BeritaHukumKebijakanPublik

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  5. If you can’t even get an erection, eating Granville is useless! Xu Lanfang explained that male erections need to receive sexual stimulation, such as A-films, A-books, and other sexual desire content, at which time the brain will release —Japanese rattan

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  7. The secret story before Weiergang rescued men. 2018/09/06 Editor/. 20 years ago, Weiergang came out and saved the sex lives of many men (and their sexual partners). However, in Veergang, the men’s bedside table was captured.

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  10. The secret story before Weiergang rescued men. 2018/09/06 Editor/. 20 years ago, Weiergang came out and saved the sex lives of many men (and their sexual partners). However, in Veergang, the men’s bedside table was captured.

  11. This site provides a comprehensive analysis of the effects of Cialis, evaluation of Cialis, and side effects of Cialis. Cialis? As the first-choice health food for men’s impotence health care, it is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and has a significant prolongation for men.

  12. Viagra (Taiwan name: Viagra) is an oral treatment drug developed by Pfizer, USA. It is used to treat erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation, and has a very significant improvement in erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation.

  13. Priligy (English name: Priligy Chemical name: Dapoxetine hydrochloride) is currently the only drug developed for premature ejaculation (PE) and the only premature ejaculation approved by the State Food and Drug Administration (CEDA).

  14. Viagra (Taiwan name: Viagra) is an oral treatment drug developed by Pfizer, USA. It is used to treat erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation, and has a very significant improvement in erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation.

  15. This site provides a comprehensive analysis of the effects of Cialis, evaluation of Cialis, and side effects of Cialis. Cialis? As the first-choice health food for men’s impotence health care, it is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and has a significant prolongation for men.

  16. Priligy (English name: Priligy Chemical name: Dapoxetine hydrochloride) is currently the only drug developed for premature ejaculation (PE) and the only premature ejaculation approved by the State Food and Drug Administration (CEDA).

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