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SEKILAS MENGENAI KONSEP NEGARA HUKUM

SEKILAS MENGENAI  KONSEP NEGARA HUKUM

Menurut ECS WADE  & G. PHILIPS, terdapat 3 (tiga) unsur  pokok RULE OF LAW, yaitu:

  1. Rule of Law merupakan konsep filosofis yang dalam tradisi barat berkaitan dengan demokrasi dan menentang otokrasi;
  2. Rule of Law merupakan hukum bahwa pemerintahan harus dilaksanakan sesuai dengan hukum;
  3. Rule of Law merupakan kerangka pikir politik yang harus dirinci lebih jauh dalam peraturan – peraturan hukum substantif maupun hukum acara;

HEPPLE mengatakan bahwa ciri – ciri Rule of Law modern, adalah:

  1. Universality (universalitas);
  2. Openness (keterbukaan);
  3. Equality (persamaan);
  4. Accountability (pertanggungjawaban);
  5. Clarity (kejelasan);
  6. Rationality (rasionalitas);

Menurut SUNARYATI HARTONO, inti konsep Rule of Law yakni ia harus menjamin apa yang oleh masyarakat dipandang sebagai keadilan, khususnya KEADILAN SOSIAL.

Apabila konsep “rechtsstaat” dibandingkan dengan konsep “rule of law”, akan tampak adanya perbedaan dan persamaan. Perbedaannya adalah bahwa kedua konsep itu ditopang oleh sistem hukum yang berbeda, dimana karakteristik konsep “rechtsstaat” adalah administratif dan karakteristik konsep “rule of law” adalah judicial, pembatasan kekuasaan melalui dokumen konstitusi seperti HABEAS CORPUS ACT antara lain mengatur tentang peradilan yang adil dan tidak sewenang – wenang. Sedangkan persamaan kedua jonsep tersebut adalah sama – sama menekankan pada perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia.

 

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA). youtube.com/c/BeritaHukumKebijakanPublik

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