by

SEKILAS TENTANG GUGATAN CLASS ACTION

SEKILAS TENTANG GUGATAN CLASS ACTION

 

Istilah atau terminologi  “class action”  berasal dari kata dalam bahasa Inggris, yakni gabungan dari kata “class” dan “action”. Pengertian class adalah sekumpulan orang, benda, kualitas, atau kegiatan, yang mempunyai kesamaan sifat atau ciri, sedangkan pengertian action dalam dunia hukum adalah tuntutan yang diajukan ke Pengadilan (E. Sundari, Pengajuan Gugatan Secara Class Action, Suatu Studi Perbandingan & Penerapannya di Indonesia).

Hakekatnya, lembagax “class action”  banyak dikenal di negara yang menganut sistem hukum common law/case law (negara – negara Anglo Saxon), seperti di Inggris Kanada, Amerika Serikat, dan sebagainya. Apabila dikaji dari aspek sejarah maka lembaga “class action” pertama kali dikenal di Inggris, yakni negara tempat pertama kalinya dilaksanakan  common law/case law system.

Menurut pendapat Miller bahwa  perkembangan “class action” dalam sistem “common law” telah memasuki periode ketiga (in a third period of development). Dalam sistem peradilan di  Indonesia mengenai gugatan “class action” dalam praktek peradilan mempergunakan Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 1 Tahun 2002 dan tidak sedikit pula yang dikabulkan, seperti halnya  Putusan Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat Nomor 116/Pdt.G/2004/PN.Jkt.Pst. yang mengabulkan gugatan class action yang dilakukan sekelompok  masyarakat yang kehilangan hak pilihnya dalam pemilu legislatif  tahun 2004 terhadap Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU).

Regulasi mengenai  “gugatan class action”  secara normatif mempunyai dasar hukum sebagaimana termaktub dalam  ketentuan – ketentuan  Undang – Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 1997 Tentang Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup, Undang – Undang Nomor 41 Tahun 1999 Tentang Kehutanan, dan Undang – Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1999 Tentang Perlindungan Konsumen. Tetapi sebenarnya terdapat jangkauan yang lebih luas, oleh karena   dalam praktek peradilan berdasarkan Putusan Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat Nomor 116/Pdt.G/2004/PN.Jkt.Pst. yang mengabulkan gugatan class action pada dasarnya bertitik tolak pada ketentuan Pasal 1365 KUHPerdata,  sehingga dalam konsep yuridis yang demikian maka dipahami bahwa gugatan dapat dilakukan secara class action bukan saja berdasarkan undang – undang sebagaimana tersebut diatas, melainkan juga lebih luas lagi dapat dilakukan berdasarkan Undang – Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2003 Tentang Pemilihan Umum.

 

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA). youtube.com/c/BeritaHukumKebijakanPublik

Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

512 comments

  1. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or advice. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

  2. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout
    on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify
    it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one today.

  3. Pingback: buy kratom online
  4. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your website, how
    could i subscribe for a weblog site? The account aided me a appropriate deal.
    I were a little bit familiar of this your broadcast provided brilliant transparent idea

  5. Pingback: kratom capsules
  6. Pingback: kratom for sale
  7. I’ll right away clutch your rss as I can’t find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly permit me realize in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  8. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday.

    It will always be helpful to read through content from other writers and practice something from their web sites.

  9. Generally I do not learn article on blogs, however I wish
    to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so!
    Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, quite nice post.

  10. Pingback: best delta 8
  11. Pingback: double sided dildo
  12. Ahaa, its pleasant conversation concerning this post at this place at this webpage, I have read all that, so now me also commenting here.

  13. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually ordered me breakfast because I found
    it for him… lol. So let me reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending
    the time to discuss this issue here on your site.

  14. Pingback: cytotmeds.com
  15. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea
    shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and
    screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her
    ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know
    this is completely off topic but I had to tell
    someone!

  16. Asking questions are actually good thing if you are not understanding anything totally, except this article offers good
    understanding yet.

  17. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who
    has been conducting a little homework on this. And he actually bought me lunch due
    to the fact that I found it for him… lol.

    So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah,
    thanx for spending some time to talk about this
    topic here on your website. http://cleckleyfloors.com/

  18. I think this is one of the most vital info for me. And i am glad
    reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The site style is perfect, the articles is really great : D.
    Good job, cheers

  19. Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your
    situation; we have created some nice methods and we are
    looking to swap strategies with other folks, please shoot me an email if
    interested.

  20. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about
    a year and am concerned about switching to another platform.
    I have heard good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  21. You are so interesting! I do not think I’ve truly read through anything like this before.

    So great to discover someone with a few genuine thoughts on this subject matter.
    Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that is needed on the internet,
    someone with a bit of originality!

  22. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t fail me just as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read through, however I really thought you would have something helpful to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you were not too busy looking for attention.

  23. I want to to thank you for this wonderful read!! I definitely loved every bit of it. I’ve got you book-marked to check out new things you postÖ

  24. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I think that you
    ought to publish more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people do not speak about these
    issues. To the next! All the best!!

  25. We stumbled over here by a different website and thought
    I may as well check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.

    Look forward to finding out about your web page repeatedly.

  26. Pingback: Best THC Gummies
  27. Greetings! Very useful advice within this post! It’s the little changes that will make the most significant changes. Many thanks for sharing!

  28. I blog often and I seriously appreciate your content. Your article has really peaked my interest. I will take a note of your website and keep checking for new details about once a week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  29. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering problems with your site.
    It looks like some of the written text on your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is
    happening to them too? This might be a issue with
    my browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Many thanks

  30. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who was conducting a little homework on this. And he actually bought me lunch due to the fact that I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this issue here on your web site.

  31. Pingback: Observer
  32. I blog quite often and I really appreciate your content.
    The article has really peaked my interest.
    I am going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I opted in for your Feed too.

  33. Pingback: best cbd gummies
  34. Pingback: buy weed
  35. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any methods to protect against hackers?

  36. Пожалуй, главный микроэлемент для мужчин. Цинк является строительным материалом для тестостерона, т.е. без цинка не формируется его молекула. Поэтому если нет цинка – нет тестостерона, нет тестостерона – нет потенции. С юности комплексовал по поводу маленького члена. Девственности лишился только в 18, и то, пришлось вынести унизительный взгляд. Сейчас прохожу курс терапии. Всего за 2 недели он увеличился на несколько см! Для меня это шок и радость. Современные производители выпускают несколько аналогов прибора, изобретенного Мининым. В зависимости от модели предусмотрены отражатели с несколькими типами диаметров. Некоторые из них используются для прогрева участков тела большой площади, в частности спины, другие оказывают воздействие точечного характера. Что продают в египте для потенции яйца для повышения потенции, витамины для потенции украина. Что кушать для увеличение потенции метилурацил для потенции, вся польза меда для потенции видео-упражнения для увеличения члена. Протез для увеличения члена таблетки для повышения потенции у мужчин после 50, экстракт родиолы жидкий для потенции. https://www.toolfroid.fr/community/profile/maribrinson4059/ Совсем не так обстоит дело с хроническим простатитом. Течение его волнообразное, периодические обострения сменяются более или менее длительными ремиссиями, во время которых болезнь никак не дает о себе знать. Совсем не так обстоит дело с хроническим простатитом. Течение его волнообразное, периодические обострения сменяются более или менее длительными ремиссиями, во время которых болезнь никак не дает о себе знать. интернет-агентство «Артус». Импаза позволяет восстановить эректильную функцию мужчины в рамках физиологической нормы, в отличие от препаратов, обладающих лишь разовым стимулирующим эффектом. Информация для пациентов квалификации персонала Если по результатам мазков на ИППП ничего не выявлено, значит, никаких половых инфекций у пациента нет и причина простатита какая-то другая. Таким образом, риск возникновения простатита в результате снижения иммунитета выше у часто болеющих людей, на фоне нервных перегрузок, хронического стресса, курения и алкоголя. – Капли: Принимать по 15 капель 2 раза в день за 30 мин до еды. – Капсулы: Принимать внутрь по 1 капсуле 3 раза в день за 30 мин до еды. – Курс – 30 дней.

  37. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this brilliant blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your
    RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon!

  38. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. Ill bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I’m quite sure I will learn plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  39. Pingback: priligy for men
  40. Pingback: bachelor's degree
  41. First off I want to say fantastic blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you do not
    mind. I was interested to know how you center yourself and
    clear your head before writing. I have had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out.
    I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10
    to 15 minutes are generally lost simply just trying
    to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
    Appreciate it!

  42. Your means of telling all in this post is in fact fastidious, every one be capable of simply understand
    it, Thanks a lot.

  43. Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this informative article together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  44. Pingback: sex toy reviews
  45. Pingback: thrusting vibrator
  46. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog
    website? The account helped me a acceptable deal.

    I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  47. Everything is very open with a really clear clarification of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your website is useful. Thank you for sharing!

  48. Pingback: buy weed
  49. Pingback: buy weed online
  50. Greetings I am so delighted I found your website, I really found you by
    error, while I was researching on Digg for something else, Nonetheless
    I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post
    and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so
    when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the fantastic work. https://hhydroxychloroquine.com/

  51. Pingback: buy weed online
  52. Pingback: weed
  53. Pingback: weed near me
  54. Pingback: tiktok followers
  55. Pingback: albino shrooms
  56. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this site. I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own website now 😉

  57. Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely think this amazing site needs much more attention. Iíll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the advice!

  58. Pingback: abc rifle company
  59. Greetings, I do think your web site could possibly be having
    browser compatibility issues. When I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine
    however, if opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Apart from that, excellent site! http://droga5.net/

  60. Pingback: Investor obligasi
  61. Pingback: Takeout Parksville
  62. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets
    I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
    and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward
    to your new updates.

  63. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information.
    Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.

  64. Etkileşimi Arttırmak İçin Takipçi ve Beğeni Satın Almalısınız

    Özellikle yeni açılan sosyal medya hesaplarının en büyük sorunları arasında
    takipçi sayısının düşüklüğü ve paylaşımlarda etkileşim
    olmamasıdır. Beğeni ve yorumların gelmesi sosyal medya hesaplarının gelişimine katkı sağlamaktadır.

    Özellikle çok takipçisi bulunan ve paylaşımları beğenilerek yorum yapılan hesaplar ilgi çekmektedir.
    Takipçi Satın Al işlemleri sayesinde hızlı bir etkileşim sağlanabilmektedir.
    Ancak tüm hizmetlerde olduğu gibi bu hizmetlerinde farklı seçenekleri bulunmaktadır.

    https://rebrand.ly/takipci-satin-al

  65. Heya! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new apple iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the outstanding work!

  66. Pingback: istanbul eskortlar
  67. Pingback: atasehir escort
  68. Pingback: canada pharmacy
  69. I’m pretty pleased to discover this page. I want to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every little bit of it and I have you book-marked to look at new things on your website.

  70. Pingback: boho coffee table
  71. Pingback: Romeo 1 Pro
  72. Pingback: best workout sets
  73. After looking into a few of the articles on your website, I seriously like your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Please visit my website as well and tell me your opinion.

  74. I blog quite often and I seriously appreciate your information. The article has really peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  75. Hi there! I just wish to offer you a huge thumbs up for the excellent information you have here on this post. I’ll be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  76. Pingback: painted sheds
  77. After looking at a few of the blog posts on your website, I truly appreciate your way of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site too and tell me how you feel.

  78. Pingback: swvgr
  79. Pingback: learn more
  80. Greetings, I do believe your web site could be having browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Besides that, wonderful blog!

  81. Pingback: best software list
  82. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

  83. Pingback: Discreet gun shop
  84. Pingback: Canada Pharmacy
  85. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Safari.

    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with
    internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let
    you know. The design and style look great though!
    Hope you get the issue solved soon. Kudos

  86. Pingback: buy glo carts
  87. Pingback: Buy Ruger Online
  88. Hi there very nice blog!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I
    will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also? I am glad to find a lot of useful information right here within the put up, we’d
    like work out extra techniques on this regard, thank
    you for sharing. . . . . .

  89. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance”
    between superb usability and appearance. I must say that you’ve
    done a very good job with this. Also, the blog loads super quick for
    me on Chrome. Excellent Blog!

  90. Greetings, I do think your site could possibly be having browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic website!

  91. Pingback: ptsd
  92. hello!,I like your writing very much! share we communicate more about your post on AOL? I require an expert on this area to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to see you.

  93. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and
    it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I
    wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips.
    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read more things about it!

  94. Hey I am so glad I found your blog page, I really found you by accident, while I was searching on Yahoo for something else,
    Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a remarkable post and a all round enjoyable
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to read it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read more, Please do keep up the awesome b.

  95. Pingback: Computerreparatur

News Feed