by

TEORI RELATIF DALAM HUKUM PIDANA 

TEORI RELATIF DALAM HUKUM PIDANA 

 

Menurut TEORI RELATIF bahwa mempidana bukanlah untuk memuaskan tuntutan absolut (mutlak)  dan keadilan. Pembalasan itu sendiri tidak mempunyai nilai (nirvelues), tetapi hanya sebagai sarana/instrumen  untuk melindungi kepentingan masyarakat atau warga negara.

ANDENAES, menyatakan bahwa teori relatif dapat disebut sebagai “Teori Perlindungan Masyarakat” (The theory of social defence).

NIGEL WALKER, berpendapat bahwa teori relatif lebih tepat disebut “teori atau aliran reduktif”  (the reductive point of view) karena dasar pembenaran pidana menurut teori ini ialah untuk mengurangi frekuensi kejahatan. Oleh karena itu, para penganutnya dapat disebut golongan REDUCERS (Penganut Teori Reduktif).

Teori relatif sering juga disebut TEORI TUJUAN (UTILITARIAN THEORY) yang menyatakan bahwa “pidana bukanlah sekedar untuk melakukan pembalasan atau pengimbalan kepada orang yang telah melakukan suatu tindak pidana, tetapi mempunyai tujuan – tujuan tertentu yang bermanfaat”.

Filosofi mendasar yang menjadi  ketentuan  adanya pidana menurut teori relatif adalah terletak pada tujuannya. Pidana dijatuhkan bukan QUIA PECCANTUM EST (Karena orang membuat kejahatan) melainkan NE PECCETUR (Supaya orang jangan melakukan kejahatan).

Ungkapan  terkenal  SENECA seorang filsuf Romawi adalah: “Nemo prudens punit quia peccatum est, sed ne peccatur (No reasonable man punishes because there has been a wrong doing, but in order that should be no wrong – doing)”, yang mengandung pengertian  “Tidak seorang normalpun dipidana karena telah melakukan perbuatan jahat, tetapi ia dipidana agar tidak ada perbuatan jahat“.

Secara mendasar, yang menjadi perbedaan ciri – ciri pokok atau karakteristik antara teori RETRIBUTIVE  dan teori UTILITARIAN sebagaimana yang diidentifikasi  oleh  KARL O. CHRISTIANSEN sebagai berikut:

  1. Pada teori retribution:
    • a. Tujuan pidana adalah semata – mata untuk pembalasan;
    • b. Pembalasan adalah tujuan utama dan didalamnya tidak mengandung sarana – sarana untuk tujuan lain misalnya untuk kesejahteraan masyarakat;
    • c. Kesalahan merupakan satu – satunya syarat untuk adanya pidana;
    • d. Pidana harus disesuaikan dengan kesalahan si pelanggar;
    • e. Pidana melihat ke belakang; ia merupakan pencelaan yang murni dan tujuannya tidak untuk memperbaiki, mendidik atau memasyarakatkan kembali si pelanggar;

 

  1. Pada teori utilitarian:

a. Tujuan pidana adalah pencegahan (prevention);

b. Pencegahan bukan tujuan akhir tetapi hanya sebagai sarana untuk mencapai tujuan yang lebih tinggi yaitu kesejahteraan masyarakat;

c. Hanya pelanggaran -0pelanggaran hukum yang dapat dipersalahkan kepada si pelaku saja (misalnya karena sengaja atau culpa) yang memenuhi syarat untuk adanya pidana;

d. Pidana harus ditetapkan berdasar tujuannya sebagai alat untuk pencegahan kejahatan;

e. Pidana melihat kemuka (bersifat prosfektif); pidana dapat mengandung unsur pencelaan, tetapi baik unsur pencelaan maupun unsur pembalasan tidak dapat diterima apabila tidak membantu pencegahan kejahatan untuk kepentingan kesejahteraan masyarakat;

Kajian yuridis mengenai tujuan pidana untuk pencegahan kejahatan, biasanya dibedakan antara istilah prevensi spesial dan  prevensi general atau sering juga digunakan istilah “special deterrence” dan “general deterrence”.

PREVENSI SPESIALIS  adalah sejauhmana pengaruh pidana terhadap terpidana. Target pencegahan kejahatan adalah dengan penjatuhan hukuman atau  pidana diharapkan dapat  mempengaruhi tingkah laku si terpidana untuk tidak melakukan tindak pidana lagi. Pidana bertujuan agar si terpidana itu berubah menjadi orang yang lebih baik  dan berguna bagi masyarakat. Teori tujuan pidana serupa ini dikenal dengan sebutan REFORMATION atau REHABILITATION THEORY.

PREVENSI GENERAL  adalah sejauhmana pengaruh pidana terhadap masyarakat pada umumnya. Fokus dari tujuan prevensi general adalah “melalui pencegahan kejahatan itu ingin dicapai bahwa dengan penjatuhan  pidana diharapkan dapat  mempengaruhi tingkah laku anggota masyarakat pada umumnya untuk tidak melakukan pidana”.

JOHANNES ANDENAES menyebutkan bahwa  ada 3 (tiga)  bentuk pengaruh dalam pengertian general prevention, yaitu:

  1. Pengaruh pencegahan;
  2. Pengaruh untuk mendorong kebiasaan perbuatan patuh pada hukum;

Pengertian “general prevention” menurut Johannes Andenaes tidak hanya tercakup pada adanya pengaruh pencegahan (deterrent effect)  tetapi juga termasuk didalamnya pengaruh moral atau pengaruh  yang bersifat pendidikan sosial dari pidana (the moral or social pedagogical influence of punishment).

Teori yang menekankan pada tujuan untuk mempengaruhi atau mencegah agar orang lain tidak melakukan kejahatan dikenal dengan sebutan TEORI DETERRENCE. Pengertian pencegahan (deterrence) yang dimaksud dalam hal ini adalah makna yang  sempit, maka menurut Johannes Andenaes pengertian general prevention tidak  sama dengan pengertian general deterrence.

Berkaitan dengan pendapat  yang dikemukakan Johannes Andenaes, maka VAN VEEN menyatakan  bahwa prevensi general mempunyai tiga fungsi, yaitu:

  1. Menegakkan kewibawaan (gezagshandhaving);
  2. Menegakkan norma (normhandhaving);
  3. Membentuk norma (normvorming);

Selain prevensi spesial dan prevensi general, VAN BEMMELEN memasukkan juga dalam golongan teori relatif apa yang disebutnya “daya untuk mengamankan (de beveiligende werking). Mengenai hal ini dijelaskan bahwa merupakan kenyataan, khususnya pidana pencabutan kemerdekaan, lebih mengamankan masyarakat terhadap kejahatan selama penjahat tersebut berada di dalam penjara daripada kalau dia tidak dalam penjara.

Selain  pembagian secara tradisional teori – teori pemidanaan seperti teori absolut dan teori relatif, ada teori ketiga yang disebut TEORI GABUNGAN  (vetenigings theorieen). Ahli hukum pertama  yang  mengemukakan teori gabungan ini adalah PELLEGRINO ROSSI (1787 – 1848). Sekalipun ia menganggap pembalasan sebagai asas dari pidana dan bahwa beratnya pidana tidak boleh melampaui suatu pembalasan yang adil, namun dia berpendirian bahwa pidana mempunyai pelbagai pengaruh antara lain perbaikan sesuatu yang rusak dalam masyarakat dan prevensi general.

Penulis – penulis lain yang berpendirian bahwa pidana mengandung pelbagai kombinasi tujuan ialah BINDING, MERKEL, KOHLER, RICHARD SCHMID dan BELING. Penulis – penulis ini juga memperhitungkan pembalasan, prevensi general serta perbaikan sebagai tujuan pidana.

RICHARD D. SCHWARTZ dan JEROME H. SKOLNICK menyatakan bahwa sanksi pidana dimaksudkan untuk:

  1. Mencegah terjadinya pengulangan tindak pidana (to prevent recidivism);
  2. Mencegah orang lain melakukan perbuatan yang sama seperti yang dilakukan si terpidana (to deter other from the performance of similar acts);
  3. Menyediakan saluran untuk mewujudkan motif – motif balas dendam (to provide a channel for the expression of retaliatory motives);

JOHN KAPLAN selain mengemukakan adanya 4 (empat)  teori mengenai dasar – dasar pembenaran pidana (yaitu teori retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, dan rehabilitation),  juga mengemukakan adanya dasar – dasar pembenaran pidana, yaitu:

  1. Untuk menghindari balas dendam (avoidance of blood feuds);
  2. Adanya pengaruh yang bersifat mendidik (the educational effect);
  3. Mempunyai fungsi memelihara perdamaian (the peace – keeping function);

EMILE DURKHEIM menyatakan bahwa “fungsi pidana adalah untuk menciptakan kemungkinan bagi pelepasan emosi – emosi yang ditimbulkan atau diguncangkan adanya oleh kejahatan (the function of punishment is to create a possibility  for the realse of emotions that are arosed by the crime)”.

FOUCONNET menyatakan bahwa “penghukuman dalam arti pemidanaan, dan pelaksanaan  pidana pada hakekatnya merupakan penegasan kembali nilai – nilai kemasyarakatan yang telah dilanggar dan dirubah oleh adanya kejahatan itu (… the conviction and the execution of the sentences is essentially a ceremonial reaffirmation of the societal values that are violated and challenged by the crime)”.

ROGER HOOD menyatakan bahwa sasaran pidana disamping untuk mencegah si terpidana atau pembuat potensiil melakukan tindak pidana, juga untuk:

  1. Memperkuat kembali nilai – nilai sosial (reinforcing social values);
  2. Menentramkan rasa takut masyarakat terhadap kejahatan (allaying public fear of crime);

PETER HOEFSNAGELS menyatakan bahwa tujuan pidana adalah untuk:

– Penyelesaian konflik (conflict resolution);

– Mempengaruhi para pelanggar dan orang – orang lain ke arah perbuatan yang kurang lebih sesuai dengan hukum (influencing offenders and possibly other than offenders toward  more or less law – conforming behavior);

RIJKSEN membedakan antara dasar hukum dari pidana dan tujuan pidana. Dasar hukum dari pidana terletak pada pembalasan terhadap kesalahan yakni dalam pembalasan itu terletak pembenaran daripada wewenang pemerintah untuk untuk memidana (strafbevoegdheid van de overheid). Apakah penguasa juga akan menggunakan wewenang itu tergantung dari tujuan yang dikehendaki. Tujuan – tujuan itu menurut R. Rijksen serta penulis – penulis lain seperti VAN VEEN, HULSMAN dan HOEFNAGELS adalah “penegakkan wibawa, penegakkan norma, menakut – nakuti, mendamaikan, mempengaruhi tingkah laku dan menyelesaikan konflik”.

ROESLAN SALEH dalam bukunya yang berjudul “Suatu Reorientasi Dalam Hukum Pidana”, mengemukakan bahwa pada hakekatnya ada 2  (dua)  poros yang menentukan garis – garis hukum pidana, yaitu:

  1. Segi prevensi, yaitu bahwa hukum pidana adalah hukum sanksi, suatu upaya untuk dapat mempertahankan kelestarian hidup bersama dengan melakukan pencegahan kejahatan;
  2. Segi pembalasan, yaitu bahwa hukum pidana sekaligus merupakan pula penentuan hukum, merupakan koreksi dari dan reaksi atas sesuatu yang bersifat tidak hukum;

Dengan demikian, pidana adalah selalu memberikan perlindungan terhadap masyarakat dan pembalasan atas perbuatan yang tidak taat hukum. Disamping itu Roeslan Saleh mengatakan bahwa pidana mengandung hal – hal lain, yaitu bahwa pidana diharapkan sebagai sesuatu yang akan membawa kerukunan dan pidana adalah suatu proses pendidikan untuk menjadikan orang dapat diterima kembali dalam masyarakat.

DR. SAHETAPYdalam desertasinya yang berjudul “Ancaman Pidana Mati Terhadap Pembunuhan Berencana” mengemukakan bahwa pemidanaan bertujuan pembalasan. Pidana harus dapat membebaskan si pelaku dari cara atau jalan yang keliru yang telah ditempuhnya. Makna membebaskan  tidak identik  dengan pengertian rehabilitasi atau reformasi. Makna membebaskan menghendaki agar si pelaku bukan saja harus dibebaskan dari alam pikiran yang jahat, yang keliru, melainkan ia harus pula dibebaskan dari kenyataan sosial dimana ia terbelenggu;

Menurut Sahetapy tidak dapat disangkal bahwa dalam pengertian pidana tersimpul unsur penderitaan. Tetapi penderitaan dalam tujuan membebaskan bukanlah semata – mata untuk penderitaan agar si pelaku menjadi takut atau merasa menderita akibat suatu pembalasan dendam melainkan derita itu harus dilihat sebagai obat atau sebagai kunci jalan keluar yang membebaskan dan yang memberi kemungkinan bertobat dengan penuh keyakinan;

Pendapat DR. Sahetapy tersebut tampaknya sesuai dengan pendapat Prof. TER HEIDE dalam tulisannya yang berjudul “VRIJHEID,.OVER DE ZIN VAN DE STRAF”. Dalam tulisan itu ia mengemukakan bahwa “tidak seorangpun berbuat jahat dengan sadar” adalah paham determinisme yang dikemukakan  PLATO dan bukan pesimisme: Manusia  dapat belajar, dapat mengembangkan diri. Kalau penderitaan dan pidana dapat mendorong perkembangan ini, maka perkembangan tersebut adalah jalan menuju kebebasan, maka makna dari pidana adalah kebebasan manusia (de zin van de straf: de vrijheid van de mens).

BISMAR SIREGAR  dalam kertas kerjanya yang berjudul “Tentang Pemberian Pidana” pada Simposium Pembaharuan Hukum Pidana Nasional di Semarang tahun 1980, ia menyatakan antara lain: “…… yang pertama – tama patut diperhatikan dalam pemberian pidana, bagaimana caranya agar hukuman badaniah mencapai sasaran, mengembalikan keseimbangan yang telah terganggu akibat perbuatan si tertuduh, karena tujuan penghukuman tiada lain mewujudkan kedamaian dalam kehidupan manusia”.

Mengingat pentingnya tujuan pidana sebagai pedoman dalam memberikan atau menjatuhkan pidana, maka didalam Konsep Rancangan Buku I KUHP Nasional yang disusun oleh LPHN pada tahun 1972 dirumuskan dalam pasal 2 sebagai berikut:

(1)   Maksud tujuan pemidanaan ialah:

  1. untuk mencegah dilakukannya tindak pidana demi pengayoman negara, masyarakat dan penduduk;
  2. untuk membimbing agar terpidana insyaf dan menjadi anggota masyarakat yang berbudi baik dan berguna;
  3. untuk menghilangkan noda – noda yang diakibatkan oleh tindakan pidana;

(2)   Pemidanaan       tidak dimaksudkan untuk menderitakan dan tidak diperkenankan merendahkan martabat manusia.

Dalam Konsep Rancangan Buku I KUHP tahun 1982 / 1983, tujuan pemberian pidana dirumuskan sebagai berikut:

(1)   Pemidanaan bertujuan untuk:

– mencegah dilakukannya tindak pidana dengan menegakkan norma hukum demi pengayoman masyarakat;

– mengadakan koreksi terhadap terpidana dan dengan demikian menjadikan     orang yang baik dan berguna, serta mampu untuk hidup bermasyarakat;

– menyelesaikan konflik yang ditimbulkan oleh tindak pidana, memulihkan kesimbangan dan mendatangkan rasa damai dalam masyarakat;

– membebaskan rasa bersalah pada terpidana;

(2)   Pemidanaan tidak dimaksudkan untuk menderitakan dan tidak diperkenankan merendahkan martabat manusia;

 

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA). youtube.com/c/BeritaHukumKebijakanPublik

Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

196 comments

  1. Link exchange is nothing else however it is just placing the other
    person’s weblog link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

  2. I just want to say I am just new to blogging and absolutely loved your blog site. Very likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You absolutely come with beneficial articles. Many thanks for sharing your blog.

  3. Youre so amazing! I don’t expect Ive read anything like this before. So great to discover somebody with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this internet site is something that is required online, a person with a little creativity. beneficial task for bringing something brand-new to the web!

  4. I’m not sure the place you are getting your information, but good topic.

    I must spend some time studying more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for fantastic information I was on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  5. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing issues with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody else getting similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks.

  6. There are certainly a lot of details like that to think about. That is a great point to raise. I use the thoughts above as basic motivation yet clearly there are questions like the one you bring up where the most important point will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have actually emerged around things like that, but I make certain that your work is plainly identified as a fair game. Both boys and also girls really feel the impact of simply a moment?s satisfaction, for the rest of their lives.

  7. Good blog you have here.. It’s difficult to find high-quality writing like yours these days. I truly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  8. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something not enough folks are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy I came across this during my hunt for something relating to this.

  9. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Many thanks, However I am experiencing issues with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  10. I need to to thank you for this wonderful read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff you post…

  11. May I just say what a relief to uncover an individual who genuinely understands what they are talking about on the web. You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people really need to check this out and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you aren’t more popular because you certainly have the gift.

  12. I’m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is an issue that too few folks are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something regarding this.

  13. Hi, I believe your blog might be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent blog.

  14. I?m pleased, I should claim. Really rarely do I come across a blog that?s both enlightening as well as enjoyable, and also let me inform you, you have hit the nail on the head. Your suggestion is exceptional; the problem is something that insufficient individuals are talking intelligently about. I am very delighted that I stumbled across this in my search for something relating to this.

  15. Its such as you read my mind! You seem to grasp so much approximately this, such as you wrote the ebook in it or something.
    I think that you simply can do with some p.c. to drive the message house a bit, but instead of that, that is
    magnificent blog. An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  16. Hi, I do believe your blog may be having internet browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, great blog!

  17. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy that I stumbled across this during my search for something concerning this.

  18. I really love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create my very own website and would like to learn where you got this from or what the theme is called. Thanks.

  19. Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Taking the time and actual effort to produce a really good article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and never manage to get anything done.

  20. Next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not disappoint me as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read through, however I truly thought you would have something useful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you can fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  21. Hi, I do believe this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit once again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.|

  22. There are definitely a lot of details like that to think about. That is a great indicate bring up. I supply the thoughts above as general inspiration however clearly there are inquiries like the one you raise where one of the most vital thing will certainly be operating in truthful good faith. I don?t know if ideal practices have arised around points like that, yet I make sure that your job is plainly determined as a level playing field. Both kids as well as ladies feel the influence of just a moment?s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  23. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It’s always interesting to read through articles from other writers and use something from other websites.

  24. My spouse and I stumbled over here different web page and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to looking at your web page again.|

  25. When I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way you can remove me from that service? Many thanks.

  26. The very next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t fail me as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, however I actually believed you would have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  27. I was excited to discover this site. I want to to thank you for ones time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated every bit of it and i also have you book-marked to see new things in your site.

  28. You have made some decent points there. I checked on the web for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  29. I must thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

  30. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website. I’m hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal site now 😉

  31. Can I simply say what an alleviation to find someone who actually understands what theyre talking about on the internet. You most definitely recognize exactly how to bring an issue to light as well as make it crucial. Even more people need to read this and comprehend this side of the story. I cant think youre not a lot more preferred due to the fact that you definitely have the gift.

  32. After checking out a number of the blog posts on your web site, I really like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future. Please visit my web site too and let me know what you think.

  33. This is the perfect site for anybody who hopes to understand this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that has been discussed for ages. Great stuff, just excellent.

  34. You are so cool! I do not think I’ve truly read something like this before. So great to find another person with some original thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that’s needed on the web, someone with a little originality.

  35. The very next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me just as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read through, however I truly thought you’d have something useful to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy looking for attention.

  36. I really love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own personal blog and would love to know where you got this from or just what the theme is named. Many thanks.

  37. I really love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you make this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create my very own blog and want to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Cheers!

  38. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you ought to write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo matter but typically people don’t discuss such issues. To the next! Kind regards.

  39. You are so awesome! I do not think I’ve truly read through anything like that before. So good to find somebody with original thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality.

  40. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s both equally educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something which too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy I stumbled across this during my search for something relating to this.

  41. Howdy! This post could not be written much better! Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I will send this article to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  42. May I simply say what a comfort to find someone who genuinely knows what they’re discussing on the web. You actually understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people need to look at this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you’re not more popular because you surely have the gift.

  43. I blog quite often and I really appreciate your information. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  44. I’m excited to find this great site. I need to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely appreciated every part of it and i also have you book marked to see new information in your website.

  45. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently.

  46. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a colleague who had been conducting a little homework on this. And he actually bought me breakfast simply because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to talk about this subject here on your site.

  47. Link exchange is nothing else but it is simply placing the other person’s weblog link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do same in support of you.|

  48. Oh my benefits! an outstanding short article man. Thank you Nevertheless I am experiencing concern with ur rss. Don?t understand why Unable to sign up for it. Is there any person getting similar rss trouble? Anybody that knows kindly react. Thnkx

  49. I really love your website.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you build this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m planning to create my very own website and want to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  50. Most Popular Online Slots in Malaysia Website has been a fantastic source of advice for people who are currently looking ahead to have more chance with internet slots game. There’s no doubt that slots in Malaysia is your popular amongst the internet players because of the amazing variety it provides to its consumers. If you are also one among the people that are currently looking to experience some great gaming experience, then you must search for online slot websites in Malaysia. The best internet slots website is Malaysia website which really can help you to improve your enjoying chances. It’s the leading online gaming website when it comes to forms of internet casino games such as casino slot games, video poker games, sports betting, bingo and much more. The simple fact that you are offered by it with various exciting games in categories that are different is just one more reason for people.One of the reasons why you have to check out to get a fantastic online slots in Malaysia is the accessibility of different kinds of games that appeal to all sort of gamers. There are also a lot of reviews supplied by people who have tried playing the slots that are online with this site. If you’re a newcomer in slots game, these testimonials will certainly be great for you. The testimonials would be the ideal kind information for those who aren’t conscious of some thing about the gambling site. Some of the reviews are the ones that are following;Another factor which will improve your gaming experience is the option of free bonuses which you can avail through it. These bonuses are usually provided after the conclusion of particular tasks like registering for consideration. There are a few slots sites offering free slots games or a combination of games when you’ve registered an account within it. There are also certain websites which provide their members special offers. This way it’s possible to get a membership bonus, a discount on the deposit amount, a gift card, a free game or even a prize. There are certain websites that also offer their members the chance to play in various games for a time period, say a week or a month or year. If you are seeking an excellent site which offers bonuses for its members, then you revel in excellent gaming experience and have to definitely check out for a few of the above mentioned websites.

  51. You are so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve read through something like that before. So wonderful to find another person with genuine thoughts on this subject matter. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing that is required on the web, someone with a little originality.

  52. I absolutely love your site.. Great colors & theme. Did you create this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would love to know where you got this from or what the theme is named. Appreciate it!

  53. Spot on with this write-up, I really feel this website needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the info!

  54. Being inquisitive to online sports betting gambling website since you either read or heard that it’s one of the top online sports betting website in the internet today? Well, you should read this article about sportsbook Malaysia QQ8288 has gotten so popular on the world of gambling. First, it was created pros and by gamblers. Secondly, it offers several types of bettors with different types of bets. You can either set wagers for many more, cricket, basketball, and soccer. Most sportsbooks offer free betting for beginners and for those who wish to understand how to place bets.If you are just beginning and are not yet utilized to betting that is online, you can request help. Most of these websites have experts that will guide you and teach you the way you can be prosperous in placing winning and stakes. Besides that, they also provide tutorials that you can find out more about your favorite teams and sports and players. You use and can try their live games to practice what you have learned in their own tutorials. This way, you can increase your chances of winning. In addition, the hints are updated so that you can keep track of your wins and losses.Other bettors as well as gamblers have gained a great deal of benefits and benefits . As stated above, most of these websites provide free gambling for beginners as well as other gamblers who wish to learn the basics and betting. Other than that, you can even play with games to check your skills in gambling and boost your knowledge. You can try betting for your favourite players and team. If you are a beginner, it’s recommended that you play to get familiar before playing on real money. Sportsbook Malaysia provides its members sportsbook deposit bonuses to be more precise, despite the fact that this sport is a favorite one. It could be tempting for you to gamble longer, but make sure if you do 21, that you will lose.

  55. Can I simply state what an alleviation to find someone that in fact knows what theyre talking about on the net. You definitely understand exactly how to bring an issue to light as well as make it essential. Even more people require to read this as well as comprehend this side of the tale. I angle think youre not more preferred because you definitely have the present.

  56. Having read this I thought it was rather informative. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!|

  57. VSL Packaging is one of the premier US Packaging company in NYC. They offer packaging design, packaging bags, packaging boxes, packaging for shippers, packaging for pop displays and other services like 3D rendering and embossing/debossing finishing. They also provide custom packaging for retail and commercial companies. VSL Packaging is located at https://www.vslpackaging.com/ , 149 W 27th St 4th Floor, New York, NY 10001, P2W4+HV New York

  58. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when brand-new remarks are added- checkbox as well as currently each time a comment is included I obtain four emails with the exact same remark. Is there any way you can eliminate me from that solution? Thanks!

  59. I’m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something that not enough people are speaking intelligently about. Now i’m very happy I found this during my search for something regarding this.|

  60. I am curious to find out what blog system you’re working with? I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest website and I’d like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any suggestions?

  61. I think this is one of the most vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers|

  62. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying
    to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  63. After research study a few of the article on your web site now, and also I genuinely like your method of blog writing. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site listing and will certainly be examining back soon. Pls have a look at my internet site too and also let me understand what you believe.

  64. There are certainly a lot of details like that to think about. That is a great indicate raise. I offer the thoughts over as basic motivation yet plainly there are questions like the one you bring up where one of the most essential thing will be operating in sincere good faith. I don?t recognize if finest methods have actually arised around things like that, however I make sure that your job is plainly identified as an up for grabs. Both boys and girls really feel the influence of simply a moment?s satisfaction, for the remainder of their lives.

  65. Nice blog post. I learn something extra tough on various blog sites day-to-day. It will certainly constantly be promoting to check out web content from other writers and also exercise a little something from their store. I?d favor to make use of some with the material on my blog site whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll offer you a link on your internet blog site. Many thanks for sharing.

  66. Good post. I learn something a lot more difficult on various blogs everyday. It will certainly constantly be promoting to check out material from other authors and exercise a little something from their store. I?d choose to use some with the material on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll provide you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  67. Oh my goodness! an amazing write-up man. Thanks Nonetheless I am experiencing issue with ur rss. Don?t recognize why Not able to sign up for it. Is there anyone getting the same rss issue? Any person that recognizes kindly respond. Thnkx

  68. There are absolutely a lot of information like that to consider. That is a wonderful point to bring up. I use the thoughts over as basic motivation however clearly there are concerns like the one you bring up where the most vital thing will certainly be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if ideal practices have emerged around things like that, yet I make sure that your work is clearly recognized as a level playing field. Both kids and ladies really feel the impact of just a moment?s satisfaction, for the remainder of their lives.

  69. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you may be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and will often come back from now on. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great writing, have a nice morning!

  70. Kingbet188 merupakan web judi online resmi yang datang dengan ada banyak sekali profit yang sanggup diraih dengan mudah oleh semua pemain. Oleh Sebab itu untuk anda yang mendambakan bermain judi online tersedia baiknya bergabung bersama dengan Kingbet188 ini yang telah terjamin safe dikarenakan memiliki lisensi resmi.

  71. After research a few of the post on your web site now, and also I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site listing as well as will certainly be checking back soon. Pls look into my web site as well and let me recognize what you assume.

  72. Great ñ I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  73. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Many thanks, However I am encountering difficulties with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anyone else getting the same RSS problems? Anyone that knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!

  74. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t disappoint me just as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, but I truly believed you would have something useful to say. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could fix if you weren’t too busy looking for attention.

  75. You are so cool! I don’t suppose I have read through anything like that before. So good to find someone with unique thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This web site is one thing that’s needed on the web, someone with a bit of originality.

  76. Your style is very unique compared to other people I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web site.

  77. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won’t disappoint me just as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, but I truly believed you would probably have something useful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you can fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  78. Howdy, There’s no doubt that your web site might be having browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent website!

  79. Having read this I believed it was extremely informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it.

  80. Having read this I believed it was extremely informative. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  81. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you need to write more about this issue, it may not be a taboo subject but generally people do not discuss these subjects. To the next! Many thanks!

  82. You’re so interesting! I don’t believe I’ve read through anything like this before. So wonderful to discover another person with some unique thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality.

  83. Daftarlink ialah sebuah daftar web judi online terpercaya dan teraman di Indonesia yang bisa memberikan keuntungan yang besar untuk seluruh member kini ini.

News Feed