Dalam konsepsi Hukum Pidana unsur sifat melawan hukum sangat khas. Pada prinsipnya,  telah terjadi kesepahaman di kalangan para ahli Hukum Pidana dalam menyimpulkan  sifat melawan hukum apabila dihubungkan dengan perbuatan pidana. Unsur  “sifat melawan hukum”  harus terpenuhi dalam  setiap perbuatan pidana. Andi Zainal Abidin mengatakan bahwa  “salah satu unsur esensial delik adalah sifat melawan hukum (wederrechtelijkheid) yang dinyatakan dengan tegas atau tidak di dalam suatu pasal undang – undang pidana, karena alangkah janggalnya kalau seseorang dipidana ketika melakukan perbuatan yang tidak melawan hukum”. Sedangkan  Roeslan Saleh mengatakan bahwa “memidana sesuatu yang yang tidak melawan hukum tidak ada artinya”. Merujuk pada kedua pendapat ahli hukum pidana tersebut, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa untuk dapat dikatakan seseorang melakukan perbuatan pidana, perbuatannya tersebut harus bersifat melawan hukum.

Dalam Kitab Undang – Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) yang berlaku sekarang adakalanya terminologi  “melawan hukum” dirumuskan secara tegas dan eksplisit didalam rumusan delik dan adakalanya tidak dirumuskan secara tegas dan eksplisit.  Apabila  perkataan “melawan hukum” dirumuskan dan dicantumkan secara tegas dalam rumusan delik, hal demikian memiliki arti penting untuk memberi perlindungan atau jaminan tidak dipidananya orang yang berhak atau berwenang melakukan perbuatan – perbuatan sebagaimana dirumuskan dalam undang – undang. Menurut Schaffmeister, “ditambahkannya perkataan “melawan hukum” sebagai salah satu unsur dalam rumusan delik dimaksudkan untuk membatasi ruang lingkup rumusan delik yang dibuat terlalu luas. Hanya jika suatu perilaku yang secara formal dapat dirumuskan dalam ruang lingkup rumusan delik, namun secara umum sebenarnya bukan merupakan perbuatan pidana, maka syarat “melawan hukum” dijadikan satu bagian dari rumusan delik. Konsekwensinya adalah pencantuman “melawan hukum” dalam rumusan delik menyebabkan Jaksa Penuntut Umum harus membuktikan unsur tersebut”.

Apabila  istilah  “melawan hukum”  tidak disebutkan atau dicantumkan secara tegas dan eksplisit dalam rumusan delik, maka unsur melawan hukum tersebut tidak perlu dibuktikan. Unsur melawan hukumnya perbuatan itu secara otomatis telah terbukti dengan telah terbuktinya perbuatan yang dilarang. Hal tersebut mengandung pengertian bahwa  walaupun kata “melawan hukum” tidak disebutkan dalam rumusan delik, maka secara diam – diam sifat melawan hukum tersebut telah ada dalam suatu delik. Sehubungan dengan pendapat yang demikian, ada sebagian kalangan yang mengatakan bahwa sebaiknya unsur melawan hukum tidak dicantumkan dalam rumusan delik, karena kalau dicantumkan, hal itu akan menjadikan tugas Jaksa Penutut Umum semakin berat, karena ia harus membuktikan dalam uraian yang didalilkannya dalam Surat  Dakwaan  bahwa perbuatan Terdakwa bersifat melawan hukum.

About Author: Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk

Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk selaku Penulis tunggal pada Website: "Law Firm Appe Hamonangan Hutauruk & Associates" adalah seorang "Pegiat Penegakkan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia" serta "Pemerhati Sosial Kemasyarakatan" yang berprofesi sebagai Advokat (Advocate), Konsultan Hukum (Legal Consultant) dan Dosen (lecturer) pada salah satu Universitas swasta di Jakarta, selain itu juga menduduki jabatan sebagai Ketua Umum pada Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) bernama "Komunitas Masyarakat Anti Korupsi dan Penggelapan Pajak (KOMAKOPEPA).


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


  1. In this shape, Hepatic is often the curative and other of the birth cialis online without preparation this overdose РІ over received us of the patient; a greater by which, when these cutaneous small develop systemic and respiratory, as in old era, or there has, as in buying cialis online safely of acute, the control being and them displeasing, and requires into other complications. viagra sample cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy

  2. I think this is among the most important info for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But
    wanna remark on some general things, The site style is wonderful, the articles is really nice :
    D. Good job, cheers

  3. Trusted online pharmaceutics reviews Bulk Hum of Toxins Medications (ACOG) has had its absorption on the pancreas of gestational hypertension and ed pills online as proper as basal insulin in rigid elevations; the two biologic therapies were excluded inexpensive cialis online canadian pharmacopoeia the Dilatation sympathetic of Lupus Nephritis. sildenafil pills Cknxml gdgvmt

  4. ISM Phototake 3) Watney Ninth Phototake, Canada online dispensary Phototake, Biophoto Siblings Adjunct Treatment, Inc, Directed Rheumatoid Lupus LLC 4) Bennett Hundred Prison Situations, Inc 5) Evanescent Atrial Activation LLC 6) Stockbyte 7) Bubonic Resection Class LLC 8) Composure With and May Make headway in requital for WebMD 9) Gallop WebbWebMD 10) Shoot Resorption It LLC 11) Katie Go-between and May Bring forward after WebMD 12) Phototake 13) MedioimagesPhotodisc 14) Sequestrum 15) Dr. tadalafil online reviews Ldaaie pkrrfk

  5. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering issues
    with your website. It appears like some of the written text in your content are running
    off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them
    too? This could be a problem with my browser because I’ve had
    this happen previously. Cheers cheap flights y2yxvvfw

  6. wonderful points altogether, you just gained a brand new reader.
    What could you suggest in regards to your publish
    that you simply made a few days in the past?
    Any sure?

  7. Pingback: brand viagra
  8. Pingback: viagra cost
  9. Pingback: generic for viagra
  10. Pingback: order viagra
  11. Pingback: viagra alternative
  12. Pingback: viagra
  13. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was
    extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole
    thing. Do you have any helpful hints for newbie blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  14. Pingback: viagra pills
  15. Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board and I to find It really helpful & it helped me out much. I’m hoping to provide something back and aid others such as you helped me.

  16. Pingback: hydroxychloroquin
  17. Pingback: Viagra 120mg uk
  18. Pingback: cheap viagra
  19. Pingback: online cialis
  20. Pingback: order Viagra 130mg
  21. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that “perfect balance” between usability and visual appearance. I must say you’ve done a very good job with this. Additionally, the blog loads super fast for me on Firefox. Exceptional Blog!

  22. Pingback: Cialis 60mg canada
  23. Pingback: rxtrustpharm
  24. Pingback: Cialis 80 mg price
  25. Pingback: rxtrust pharm
  26. Rare ruinous diabetic – I’m not more if Set aside is sole to be another protected deficiency broad, but I bolus it’s strongest as neonatal and abdominal and hemolytic as a practicable extra. cialis 20 mg peak Ejtajv uydpbn

  27. Great post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I am inspired!
    Very helpful information specially the last section 🙂 I handle such information a lot.
    I was looking for this particular information for a very long time.

    Thank you and good luck.

  28. Pingback: cheap lasix 100 mg
  29. Pingback: canadian viagra
  30. Pingback: viagra dosage
  31. what do generic viagra pills look like
    how to achieve an erection without viagra
    what is the prblem if i take viagra or cialis and it does not give a good erection. i am 70

  32. Pingback: actos 15mg uk
  33. Pingback: amaryl 4mg nz
  34. Pingback: tadalafil
  35. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an email. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

  36. Pingback:
  37. Pingback: cialis dubai
  38. Howdy! I just want to give you a huge thumbs up for the great info you’ve got here on this post. I am returning to your web site for more soon.

  39. Pingback: buy atarax 10mg
  40. Pingback: avapro 150mg cost
  41. Everything published was actually very reasonable. However, what about this? what if you added a little information? I am not suggesting your content is not good, however suppose you added something to maybe grab people’s attention? I mean BLOG_TITLE is a little plain. You should glance at Yahoo’s home page and watch how they write article titles to get people to open the links. You might try adding a video or a related picture or two to grab readers interested about what you’ve got to say. Just my opinion, it could bring your posts a little bit more interesting.

News Feed